Domain Name System (DNS) IETF

The Process of Developing and Submitting an IETF Internet Draft: My Story

I had a week off, and being a security domain researcher, I started working on automating security rules in network security components. The goal was to read the existing security rules of the IPv4 protocol and deploy parallel security rules for the IPv6 protocol in the same security component for the newly configured protocol in a network. For this purpose, I started to develop an automation service. The service was intended to use the IPv4 address in a DNS query to resolve the corresponding IPv6 address. The next intended step was to add these same rules in the network security component for the newly resolved IPv6 address. This was when I came to know that the existing DNS protocol does not provide IPv4 to IPv6 resolution and vice versa.

While trying to figure out a solution to this problem, the Internet Society Pakistan Islamabad Chapter announced to carry-out a local IETF-Outreach Program managed by Internet Society Asia-Pacific Bureau. As part of the program, a seminar was conducted that introduced the history of IETF and outlined the process of the Internet standards-making process, including how we could get involved in this process. The most appealing part of the programme was the opportunity to present an Internet Draft at IETF 100 in Singapore in November 2017 through a fully-funded fellowship.

Right away, I started to develop an Internet Draft with my two co-authors – Dr. Muhammad Yousaf and Prof. Dr. Amir Qayyum – on a solution for IPv4 to IPv6 address resolution, and vice versa, diagnosed concerning DNS. Writing and submitting the Internet Draft was a challenging experience and here is what I learned from the process.

It is important to carefully read and understand the guidelines and tools for writing the Internet Draft before beginning, paying particular attention to the format required and the naming of the draft document. It is also important to be familiar with the XML language, and understand the purpose of the different tags. There are a variety of XML templates available that can be used to write the Internet Draft. Once the draft is completed, the XML file needs to be converted to either plaintext or pdf using the IETF tool, “xml2rfc”. Through this tool, the Internet Draft can be uploaded for submission to the relevant IETF working group. In my case, it was the IETF DNSOP Working Group. Please note that the naming convention for uploading a draft is to be observed very carefully. The filename of the Internet Draft must have the keyword “draft”, the author’s name, the working group’s name, the protocol’s name and the version of the draft, which is “00” for the first one.

I personally made a mistake and uploaded the draft with the filename, “draft-ietf-dnsop-tariq-iviptr-00”, which was wrong. The keyword “IETF” is reserved for IETF drafts only. Thanks to Ole Troan, the IETF 6MAN Working Group Chair and my mentor at IETF 97, for pointing out that the correct filename should be “draft-tariq-dnsop-iviptr-00”. You can find the draft here.

As a consequence of that mistake, I was unable to upload the Internet Draft with the correct filename within the due time for it to be included in the working group meeting agenda at IETF 100. But thanks to the IETF community and special thanks to the DNSOP Working Group Chairs – Suzanne Woolf and Tim Wicinski – who announced my draft at the end of the meeting session during IETF 100, I received valuable feedback from the experts at the meeting. Moreover, during my time at IETF 100 and after, I received valuable inputs from a wide range of people, including from industry – such as Cisco, Huawei and China Mobile. I continued to be in regular contact with the DNSOP Working Group Chairs who advised that I apply for the protocol number for the proposed DNS Resource Record Type IVIPTRY at IANA.

As an active member of the Internet Society Pakistan Islamabad Chapter, I am planning to share my experience with the research community at different universities in Pakistan to encourage productive contributions from Pakistani researchers to the IETF working groups.

I would like to take this opportunity to thank the Internet Society for providing me with such a wonderful opportunity and to be able to present my work at IETF 100 meeting as IETF-Outreach Program participant.

IETF Open Internet Standards

Reflecting on 10 Years of the Fellowship to the IETF

At any particular IETF meeting, you are likely to find the Tech Fellows buzzing to and from working group (WG) meetings to BOFs or hanging out in one of the rather small public areas, laptops open and headphones plugged in, or talking with other fellows or participants during the lunch break or in the many informal lounge areas. Others might be serving as scribes for certain sessions, discussing their current projects with WG chairs, speaking at the microphone during the Q&A, or talking with their Mentors about which sessions on the agenda are best for them to attend.

At the end of the day, the Fellows would have attended sessions that match up with their own academic or professional interests, had lively conversations with their colleagues, been stimulated through interactions with IETF veterans more than likely in their own or similar fields, engaged in deep technical discussions in groups of their peers, discovered a new research group (RG) or standard that peaks their interest, deepened social bonds at an informal dinner, and been pushed to broaden their minds in purposeful and unexpected ways.

And this is pretty much what the Fellowship to the IETF is all about. The programme was started in 2006 to increase awareness of the open standards development process across communities where there was little to no understanding. Since then, it has evolved into a sort of incubator for the next generation of IETF leaders. Over the 10 years of the programme’s existence, a total of 289 awards have been given out to 193 individuals (First-Timer and Returning Fellows). And during this time, we have recognized that the success of the program is largely down to not only what Fellows give back to the IETF (directly or indirectly), but also what they receive from it.

A recent survey of past participants of the Fellowship to the IETF has yielded some interesting results as it pertains to the direct and indirect contributions of Fellows to the IETF. Below are a few highlights from the survey:

  • Fellows have contributed to the development of roughly 49 RFCs in total, including 7 co-authored RFCs
  • Several fellows are active in other standards development organizations such as IEEE and W3C, and also involved with network operator groups (NOGs)
  • Fellows regularly speak at regional conferences about the importance of the IETF and recruit individuals to become involved
  • In 2015, a group of past Fellows from India have launched the Indian IETF Capacity Building initiative, and secured funding money from the government to host a meeting and build an Indian Fellows programme and mentoring network
  • In LAC, many former Fellows have been involved in recruiting others and organizing local hubs for remote participation
  • Former Brazilian Fellows launched professor-student Fellowships where they attended 6-9 IETF meetings over 3 years
  • A number of Fellows have led and driven IPv6 deployments at their respective universities

We are certain that the individuals selected for the Fellowship to IETF 97 will continue along this rich vein of building awareness of and sustaining active participation in the IETF. You can check out their profiles here.

At this time, we would also like to thank those organizations who sponsor and support the Fellowship to the IETF: Afilias, APNIC, APTLD, Google, and ICANN. We very much appreciate your support!

Open Internet Standards

Fellows to IETF 95: Building Diverse Technical Communities

Independent, volunteer-based, technical communities are vital to the success of the IETF, and to the bottom-up, collaborative fabric of the Internet ecosystem. These communities of practice serve as important forums for knowledge exchange, resource sharing, skill development, relationship building and networking.

While quite prevalent in developed countries, there is still quite a lot of work to be done to create extended local and regional technical communities in emerging economies. The manner in which these communities emerge and evolve; how they are managed; and how they support local and regional (as well as international) collaboration, is critical to the strengthening and sustainability of the IETF, and to increasing awareness and participation in its work from individuals in developing countries.

The Internet Society serves diverse technical communities by continuously enhancing its activities related to open Internet standards (OIS). To date, the organization has supported over 200 technologists, engineers, and researchers from Europe, Africa, Asia-Pacific and Latin America & the Caribbean to attend IETF meetings. The regional bureaus have fostered a vibrant network of remote hubs that engage with the IETF community in a number of ways.

The IETF in LAC initiative has served as a key impetus to bringing the first IETF to Latin America. The African Bureau is also building off the IETF in LAC model with the objective of bringing the IETF to the continent. The Kolkata Chapter has partnered with the Government of India on the India IETF Capacity Building (IICB) Program, which is geared towards increasing the participation of Indians and the engagement of corporations in the work of the IETF. As a result, communities of practice are popping up all across the world. But to accomplish this, there have been some critical success factors. Let’s discuss what they are.

Finding Common Ground

The first one is finding a way to connect different groups of people regardless of their background to a common ground. The biggest thing we see in the IETF are people forming groups and communities around passions that many of them identify with. Their need for and love of the open Internet has been at the core of our burgeoning communities. For them, the Internet is an indispensable platform, and one around which their interests are galvanized.

Let’s Come Together in the Same Place

Secondly, no one can discount that remote participation is important. But nothing can aptly replace face-to-face interactions. When it comes to engaging a community, you cannot rely solely on online platforms. Getting people to come and shake hands with the person next to them has been more beneficial than any advice or guidance they receive online. For example, there are currently around 20 Remote Hubs in Latin America and 26 in India, and with many of them being led by past Fellows to the IETF. This demonstrates why Remote Hubs and the Fellowship to the IETF have been so essential to the growth of our communities.

It’s the Content

Content is another significant component in the overall mix. Our communities look to us to provide timely and relevant content on the issues that matter to them. Whether it takes the form of web site updates, online courses and tutorials, Deploy360 resources, or policy briefs, our constituents view us as a trusted source for Internet-related content. This is how they become informed and empowered to act (and to increase their participation in OIS activities).

Leveraging Social Media

Effective community leadership requires constant creation/sharing of quality content and connecting with people online. Online engagement is of paramount importance — Frequent updates on ISOC activities, generation of new content, timely responses to questions from our community, and features on our influencers and programme alumni are just a few components of the overall social media strategy. This is how we build connections and ignite change. And we want to keep these conversations going!

So to recap, key success factors for sustainable, successful tech communities:

  • Find a shared passion
  • Create consistent face-to-face opportunities
  • Delivery consistent, useful online content
  • Use social media to engage with your community around a shared passion
  • Did I mention consistency?

Finally, we would like to congratulate the Fellows to IETF 95. You can view their bio profiles here.

Once again, we have another dynamic group of young professionals who will be attending the Buenos Aires meeting. We are looking forward to an exciting and productive week with them. They are our next wave of advocates and ambassadors who will strengthen and build new communities going forward.

Events IETF Women in Tech

Where the world’s largest gatherings of women in technology gather: #GHC15 and ‪#GHCI15‬‬‬

Image: Vyria Paselk-Director of Internet Leadership at the Internet Society and Kathleen Moriarty-Kathleen Moriarty, Security Area Director at the IETF 

Women represent 51% of the global population, yet the statistics for women in technology are not even close to equal (some reports estimate only 26% of the computing workforce are women).

In order for the Internet to be useful for ALL we need more women shaping the future of the Internet. One organization who is working to close this gap is the Anita Borg Institute (ABI). The Internet Society has partnered with ABI for the past four years to get more women involved in technology and to get more women involved with the Internet.

Twelve thousand women from around the world gathered in Houston, Texas in October 2015 for the Grace Hopper Celebration of Women in Computing conference. I was one of those 12 thousand women. I work specifically to get more young people involved in shaping the future of the Internet and I’m proud that ISOC is committed to getting more women involved in helping make the Internet work for ALL.

Internet Society sponsored attendees at Grace Hopper India. From left to right: Amrita Choudhury, Mini Ulanat, and Suprita Lnu 

ISOC was a nonprofit gold sponsor of #GHC15 which celebrates and expands on opportunities for women in computing. As an organization we are committed to supporting and attending this event to raise awareness for our IETF fellowship programme available to technical women from emerging and developing economies (see more detail below). The conference gives us an opportunity to speak with highly qualified women interested in Internet specific technical work and encourage them to apply for the fellowship and/or share it within their companies, universities, and networks.

ISOC was also a bronze sponsor for the Grace Hopper Celebration of Women in Computing (India) conference held in Bangalore in December  2015. ISOC sponsored three technical women from our community to attend India’s largest gathering of women technologists. On the ground support was also provided by our ISOC Bangalore chapter. Our sponsored participant from Delhi had this to say about her experience:

Grace Hopper India was a wonderful platform for meeting, hearing and exchanging views with other women in technology. The conference provided great insights on how women have overcome obstacles and attained success in the field of technology.

I’m proud that ISOC realizes the importance of women’s voices in technology and I’m proud to be part of ongoing efforts to help encourage more women to take advantage of the opportunities available to make an even greater global impact!

ISOC will once again be a sponsor of the Grace Hopper Celebration of  Women in Computing Conference in Houston and we hope to see you there!

More on ISOC’s Fellowship to the IETF

The Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF) is the world’s premier open Internet standards-development body. The Internet Society Fellowship to the IETF is available to technology professionals, advanced IT students, and other qualified individuals from developing and emerging economies.

Fellows to the IETF attend an IETF meeting where they are paired with an experienced mentor and are expected to make a positive contribution to IETF work. Find out how to apply for an IETF Fellowship.

More on the Grace Hopper Celebration and the organization behind it

The Anita Borg Institute for Women and Technology (ABI) was founded in 1997 by renowned computer scientist Anita Borg, Ph.D. (1949-2003). Co-founded by Dr. Anita Borg and Dr. Telle Whitney in 1994 and inspired by the legacy of Admiral Grace Murray Hopper, the Institute’s Grace Hopper Celebration (GHC) Of Women In Computing Conference is designed to bring the research and career interests of women in computing to the forefront. It is the largest technical conference for women in computing and results in collaborative proposals, networking, mentoring for junior women and increased visibility for the contributions of women in computing. Conference presenters are leaders in their respective fields, representing industry, academia and government. Top researchers present their work while special sessions focus on the role of women in today’s technology fields.

Human Rights Technology

The Science and Art of Identifying Next Generation Leaders: Some Reflections before IETF 93

For IETF 80 in 2011, the Internet Society had nearly 90 applicants for 12 available Fellows awardee slots. For IETF 93, applications increased by more than 60% to 170 applicants for 14 slots.

As awareness and corresponding demand has ballooned for future leaders in the Internet ecosystem, so clearly has the number of applicants to the Internet Society’s Fellows and other competitive leadership programmes. While demand has increased, so has the overall quality of the applicants and ultimately the selected individuals.

Three factors contribute to this increased caliber:

1. Qualified self-selection
In 2013, we initiated a self-assessment guide. Coupled with the actual selection criteria, these two documents lay out capacity and capability expectations. Before potential participants apply, they need to qualify themselves according to the criteria for these programmes. These expectations clarify required commitments before, during, and after the event. Since applying is in itself a process, we wanted to mitigate unnecessary frustration and these checklists help ensure that those who do apply have a fair shot for serious consideration.

2. A robust, diverse selection committee
The current Fellows selection committee has nine (9) standing members, many who contribute to each round and are active in IETF. The committee includes: a Chapter representative, a current ISOC Board member, active IETF participants, regional staff representatives, and former awardees. Each selection committee member brings invaluable perspective and passion. Niel Harper, the lead for ISOC’s Next Generation leaders programme, guides the process, including reviewing each application fully. A former ISOC NGLer himself, Niel is uniquely qualified in understanding what is required of Fellows to IETF and our other programmes.

3. An appreciation for the more intangible skills of leadership
While there are some straightforward criteria, such as following and contributing to IETF Working Groups and a demonstrated commitment to advancing IETF and open standards in region, we also consider some other leadership traits. Integrity, passion, and a pay-it-forward mentality all factor into the vetting process. In programmes where we have returning opportunities such as Fellowships to IETF and Ambassadors to IGF, it is particularly rewarding to see individuals awarded over time who have even more fully demonstrated the potential we initially saw. Some qualities on those who get the most out of the Fellows experience can be found here.

All that said, please join me in congratulating the latest cohort of Internet Society Fellows to IETF.

They are truly an exceptional group of technologists and we look forward to seeing their contributions to IETF and open standards this upcoming week and in the future.

IETF Open Internet Standards

Congratulations to the Internet Society Fellows to IETF 92 in Dallas, TX (US)

Please join me in congratulating the most recent cohort of Internet Society Fellows to IETF. These 14 technologists from academia, business, and civil society were selected from more than 120 highly qualified applicants.

As the next billions come online, they will be from countries like Brazil, India, Pakistan, and Ukraine. The Internet Society and its partners’ ongoing commitment to this programme ensures that individuals from these regions have an informed voice and a seat in the room where standards development takes place.  As importantly, each individual selected has to demonstrate how they will take their experiences at IETF back to their communities to amplify the work of the Internet Society.

Previous Fellows have authored RFCs, mentored students, spoken in their communities to increase awareness of IETF and the importance of Open Standards, and deployed IETF standards in their companies and communities.

We look forward to seeing what this group will accomplish in the coming years and months.  You can learn more about them on the IETF 92 Fellows page.

In the meantime, many thanks to our partners in the programme: Afilias, Comcast/Universal, Google, Microsoft, and Verisign.

NOTE: If you are interested in being considered for a fellowship for IETF 93 in Prague in July 2015, please visit our IETF Fellowship page.   The process for applications is open now and the deadline to apply is April 5, 2015.

IETF Technology

IETF 80-IETF 90: Some Reflections before IETF 91 in Honolulu

In the past four years, we have awarded nearly 140 first-time and returning Fellowships to the Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF).  Twelve IETF meetings into my tenure and I continue to be impressed with the caliber of the individuals who are drawn to the work of open standards, and ultimately the evolution of the Internet.

In speaking with the returning Fellows and those first-timers who seem to get the most out of the experience, certain qualities stand out:

1. Curiosity and wonderment

As mentioned in an earlier blog, one former Fellow noted that “the Internet is Magic.”  This sense of wonderment with what we have at our disposal coupled with a genuine and deep curiosity about how others view the standards work and the world at large is instrumental in remaining open to the possibilities.  Many of our returning Fellows approach the work with an appreciation that others also have viewpoints, sometimes at odds with how they see the world.  That openness to other viewpoints is part of what contributes to how the Internet continues to evolve as a boundless platform.

2. Discipline and commitment

A number of former Fellows have been active contributors to RFCs and become Working Group chairs.  Even as regular attendees, this is hard work.  In the instances with the Fellows, many are contributing to the process via the mailing lists and online.  In addition to the regular jobs they hold in academia, business, and government agencies, they demonstrate discipline and commitment to the standards work.  In a meritocracy such as the IETF, one truly is recognized based on valuable and meaningful contributions. 

3. A pay-it-forward mentality

In the past few cycles, we have noticed more and more applicants noting that they are applying because of their mentors at school or in the workplace.  At least two former Fellows have made it a personal calling to go back to their communities and workplaces to promote the work of the IETF.  They encourage their students and colleagues to get involved.  More importantly, they impart what it takes so that these new voices can hit the ground running — and listening.  This is particularly critical for the Internet, as many of these individuals are coming from places where Internet penetration is low, and an understanding of how new voices can contribute is also not well or broadly understood.  Not surprisingly, these individuals who have made it their calling are also returning Fellows themselves.

That said, we are excited to announce our latest cohort.  Their bios can be found here.  For those at this upcoming meeting, I hope you have a chance to speak with some of the Fellows.   

I am also curious to hear what your thoughts are on other qualities you see in successful participants, Fellows or otherwise.  Let us know in your comments below.


The Internet Society announces its 25th Cohort of Technology Fellows to the Internet Engineering Task Force Meetings

 “The Internet is Magic”

The Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF) is an open community of network designers, operators, vendors, and researchers concerned with the evolution of the Internet’s architecture and smooth operation. Organized in 1986, the IETF produces open standards that are the cornerstone of a vibrant Internet that many of us have the luxury of taking for granted.

As the next billions of Internet users come online, they will come from countries like Argentina, Brazil, China, India, and Kenya. The Internet Society Fellowship to the IETF provides technologists from these countries and more the opportunity to have a voice in the development of open standards, and to connect with Internet pioneers and peers. Since its inception in 2006, the Fellowship programme has provided nearly 225 awards to individuals from more than 50 countries from developing and emerging economies.

As one former Fellow from Venezuela noted, “The Internet is magic. It makes it possible for me to stay in touch with my family while I am in a different country. There is so much I can do and, because of this Fellowship, I now understand more of what goes into making it work.”

The IETF technical community this week in Toronto will be actively engaged in the ‘nuts and bolts’ of what makes the Internet work. It is that critical work that makes the magic happen — and we are grateful for all that it enables, including the connections across boundaries, unbounded innovation, and better opportunities and access for everything from education to health care. To that end, we congratulate this meeting’s Fellows.

Over the years, participation has become increasingly competitive. An important factor in considering an applicant’s selection is a demonstration of how they will apply their learnings to their regions and local communities — and bring that magic home.

Here is more about the experiences and interests of the 11 new and returning Fellows selected for the IETF 90 meeting in Toronto and ISOC’s 25th cohort of Fellows to IETF:

Shabbir Ahmed (Bangladesh) is a Professor at the University of Dhaka. He also works as a Consultant to DrikICT (an ISP in Bangladesh), and is a Chapter Leader in the ISOC Bangladesh Dhaka chapter. Shabbir holds a BSc. in Applied Physics and Electronics, MSc. in Computer Science, and a Ph.D. in Computer Science and Engineering. His research interest includes routing challenges in DTN, data mining techniques, and IPv6 deployment and operations. He is a long-time follower of the IETF MANET working group at the IETF. Shabbir was previously a Fellow to IETF 84.

Abhijan Bhattacharyya (India) currently works as a scientist in the Innovation Lab of Tata Consultancy Services, where he is involved in R&D and works on protocols for resource constrained domains to help Tata create reusable solutions for Internet of Things (IoT) use cases. Abhijan is passionate about learning new technologies and applying the knowledge towards creating innovative solutions. He is currently subscribed to the CoRE, ACE, and DTLS-IoT working groups in the IETF.

Jeferson Campos Nobre (Brazil) is a Ph.D. student at Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. He is a member of Computer Networks Group, working on network management, and is a Lecturer at the University of Vale do Rio do Sinos. His core interest is in distributed and autonomic network management, and he is involved in NMRG and network monitoring related working groups (LMAP, IPFIX, IPPM). His Ph.D research is in the areas of autonomic distributed control of active measurement mechanisms based on the IETF standards One-Way Active Measurement Protocol (OWAMP) and Two-Way Active Measurement Protoco (TWAMP).

Nicolas Fiumarelli (Uruguay) currently works at LACNIC and specializes in Software and Network Engineering. He is presently involved in the development of RPKI policies and algorithms and how they apply to protocols such as SIDR and IDR. He maintains that the technical community has a strong role to play in the IANA transition, and is following those developments closely. He is also currently performing research on elliptic curves and artificial intelligence at the Universidad de la República in Uruguay.

Giuseppe Gangi (Venezuela) is a Software Developer and Free Open Source Software consultant and advocate. He is very excited about participating in the IETF 90 Meeting and is looking forward to becoming more involved in standards development as the basis for establishing himself as a leader and contributor to society.

Fahima Ahmed Khan (Pakistan) currently works in Security & Compliance and Information Assurance at Grameenphone Ltd of Telenor Group. Her role is to assess and validate the security of network and application systems, monitor and identify security incidents and ensure compliance with Sarbanes-Oxley (SOX), ISO27001 and other information systems control frameworks. Fahima holds a BSc. in Computer Engineering and a MBA. She is also qualified as a Certified Information Systems Auditor (CISA), and as such has strong interest in security-related IETF working groups such as NEA, OAUTH, SACM, and TLS.

Frank Maginga (Tanzania) is a Network Planning Engineer with specific focus on Next Generation Networks (NGN) and IP/MPLS Networks at TTCL, a telecom operator in Tanzania. His main responsibilities are to design, plan, and develop efficient networks and infrastructure for TTCL to meet business and service goals. He is interested in QoS techniques and end-to-end performance measurement on the Internet, and is subscribed to the LMAP working group.

Hugo Morillo (Venezuela) is currently employed as an IT Advisor at Pricewaterhouse Coopers Venezuela. He possesses a BSc. in Systems Engineering. Hugo is passionate about new technologies, software development, online gaming and production of short-films. His particular interests in regards to the IETF are IPv6 operations and web security.

Tirumaleswar Reddy (India) is a Technical Lead at Cisco Systems, where he works on firewall and cloud-based Security as a Service (SaaS) features. He has 12 patents pending approval at the U.S. Patent Offices, and is conducting research in the areas of Security, WebRTC, Privacy and AEON (Application Enabled Open Networking). He is also an active contributor to the PCP, TRAM and RTCWEB working groups at the IETF.

Tauqeer Safdar (Pakistan) is a Ph.D. student at University Technology PETRONAS Malaysia. He is a member of the Computer Networks Group, working on network routing, IPv6, MANET and security. He is also a Lecturer in the Department of IT Networking, Higher College of Technology, Muscat, Oman. He is passionate about routing and network management, especially issues related to routing security in IPv6. He is active in ISOC chapters in both Malaysia and Pakistan, specifically working on IPv6-related issues. He is involved in the MANET, IPv6 and Routing working groups in the IETF, and has also co-authored a number of RFCs. Tauqueer is a previous Fellow to IETF 86.

Nestor Michael Tiglao (Philippines) is an Associate Professor of Electrical and Electronics Engineering at the University of the Philippines in Quezon City, Philippines. He holds a BSc. in Electrical Engineering, MSc. in Electrical Engineering, and a Ph.D. in Electrical and Computer Engineering. He is currently working on a wireless sensor network project for smart grid applications. Nestor is passionate about education and using technology such as the Internet for improving the overall quality of life and for building a better society. Nestor has previously been a Fellow at IETF 81 and IETF 85.


Human Rights

Internet Society Fellows to IETF 89 — increasing the diversity of voices working on Internet standards development

In 2006, the Internet Society introduced the Fellows to the Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF) programme to increase the diversity of voices  and contributions to the standards development process.  Since then, the Internet Society Fellows to IETF programme has brought more than 175 technologists from 45+ countries to IETF meetings.

These competitive fellowships foster participation of technologists from developing and emerging economies to IETF meetings and working groups.  Typically attracting more than 10 applicants per available award, selected Fellows must also demonstrate how they will apply their learning back to their regions and local communities.

We applaud the ten Fellows selected for the IETF 89 meeting in London for their interest in contributing to Internet standards and the important work of the IETF.

Here is more about their experiences and interests:

Returning fellow Palanivelan Appanasamy currently works with Verizon R&D Labs as Distinguished MTS in India. IETF 89 will be his fourth IETF. He has extensive experience in Telecom and Networking, having previously worked with EMC, Cisco, Juniper, LucentTech and Motorola. His IETF contributions and interests are in the routing, security and transport areas.

First-time fellow Antonio Araujo is from Mérida, Venezuela.  He is a systems engineer and works as a software developer in CENDITEL, a Venezuelan National Development and Research Center for free and open technologies. Antonio is working on a Masters in Computer Science in Universidad de Los Andes in Mérida, Venezuela. He is particularly interested in helping IETF Working Groups (WG) as wpkops, tls and oauth.

Nabil Benamar is from Morocco and is involved with the work of some WGs and also non-WGs, namely the ITS (Intelligent Transport Systems) group.  Nabil, a first-time fellow, is a professor of computer networks at the Moulay Ismail University in Meknes, Morocco. His main research topics are DTN, VANET, VDTN, IoT and IPv6. His blog,, acts as a hub for publication of his articles and projects, as well as debates with readers around the world and especially in the Arab region.

As an electronic engineer, Diego Dujovne has worked as a consultant for five years on telecom development and industrial instrumentation in Argentina. He then moved to INRIA Sophia Antipolis, where he developed an experimental methodology for wireless networks that led him to obtain a PhD in Informatics. He is currently researcher and professor at Universidad Diego Portales, Santiago, Chile. Diego’s main research and development topic is the Internet of Things, where he has been working since 1999. In 2013, Diego started to collaborate with the 6TiSCH WG, where he is currently editor of a draft. This is his second IETF.

Ana Hernandez graduated from the Universidad de Los Andes, Merida – Venezuela and is a Systems Engineer. A first-time fellow, she is working as a Consultant and Auditor of technological systems, infrastructure and IT operations at Deloitte. Her principal area of interest is Security Automation and Continuous Monitoring.

Sakaio Manoa, originally from Tuvalu, is a returning fellow and is currently studying at the Swinburne University of Technology in Melbourne, Australia for a Masters in Network System specializing in Security. His area of interest is the implementation of IPv6 for which he has been following IETF and the Deploy IPv6 for guidance and direction. 

Fabian Mejia is an Electronics and Telecommunications engineer from Escuela Politecnica Nacional (EPN) in Quito, Ecuador. He works for the association of Ecuadorian ISPs, AEPROVI, where he manages the national IXP, NAP.EC. He is a founding member of the IPv6 Task Force Ecuador ( and leads its activities. Fabian was also elected chair of LACNIC’s Regional Interconnection Forum.  His particular areas of interest are BGP routing and IPv6. 

Carlos Paparoni is currently a Systems Engineering student, with a specialization in Computer Systems in the Universidad de Los Andes in Merida, Venezuela working on his undergraduate thesis. His background involves web design and developing server/client side programming. His interests include the JSON, Web Security and IPv6 Working Groups.

Leaf Yeh is a first-time Fellow, but has attended the IETF on five occasions. He is interested in 6man, though his previous contributions to the IETF focused on the WGs of DHC, Softwires and Radext. Leaf is the author of RFC7037, and has worked for China Telecom Research Institute, Conexant Systems. Inc., ZTE Corp. and Huawei Technologies.

Dessalegn Yehuala is a returning fellow, and works for the Computer Science department of Ethiopia’s Addis Ababa University as Lecturer/Researcher. His research interests include Information Centric Networks, DTN (Delay Tolerant Networks), Multi-path tcp and AQM. He subscribes to four IETF working groups (ICNRG, ICCRG, multipathtcp and AQM).  

Congratulations to all of our IETF 89 Fellows.